Mary Lou James is a Consultant, Regulatory Compliance, Research Animal Welfare in St. Louis, MO and Chair of the NASA Flight IACUC. After earning a BA in Biochemistry from Vassar College, she joined Merck Research Laboratories, Rahway, NJ, where she worked in the department of Fundamental and Exploratory Biochemistry and the department of Growth Factor Research. She completed her 13 years at Merck as Manager, Regulatory Affairs in the department of Laboratory Animal Resources. In 1993, Mary Lou became a Consultant, Regulatory Compliance, Research Animal Welfare in St. Louis, MO. She is most active conducting Institutional Animal Care and Use Program evaluations, IACUC training, and implementing programs that meet the Animal Welfare Act and USDA Animal Welfare Regulations, Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, and the Guide to the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. Her clients include large and small academic institutions, pharmaceutical and biotech companies, Contract Research Organizations, and the government. She is administrator and co-director of the nationally recognized IACUC 101 Series courses, former President and current Executive Director of the IACUC 101 Series non-profit organization. She is an IACUC program consultant and a member of the Lab Animal Magazine editorial board, and a former AAALAC International ad-hoc Specialist and OLAW consultant. Mary Lou is the recipient of the year 2001 AALAS George R. Collins Award for outstanding contributions to the field of laboratory animal training at the local and national level and the recipient of the 2006 New Jersey Association for Biomedical Research “First Annual 3 R’s Recognition Award” recipient for “developing novel ways to enhance awareness of the principles of replacement, reduction and refinement as applied in advancing biomedical research and improving animal welfare”.